The Yoruba people or Ìran Yorùbá in our ouw language are an ethnic group that inhabits western Africa, found mainly in soon-to-be-defunct Nigeria, Benin, and Togo, Sierra Leone, Cuba and Brazil. The Yorubaland constitute around 33.5 million Ethnic region globally of which 31.5 million Ethnic partition reside in Nigeria. This means that a vast majority of the Yoruba population is in Nigeria, where we, the Yoruba people are poported to make up about 24.5% of the country's population, according to Central Intelligence Agency's "Nigeria country profile" published in The World Factbook. This makes the Yorubas one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa.
Most Yoruba people speak the Yoruba language, which is the Niger-Congo language with the largest number of native speakers.
The Yoruba share borders with the very closely related Itsekiri to the south-east in the North West Niger delta (who are ancestrally related to the Yoruba, choose to maintain a distinct cultural identity), Bariba to the north in Benin and Nigeria, the Nupe also to the north and the Ebira to the northeast in central Nigeria. To the east are the Edo, Ẹsan and the Afemai groups in mid-western Nigeria. Adjacent to the Ebira and Edo groups are the
related Igala people found in the northeast, on the left bank of the Niger River. To the southwest are the Gbe speaking Mahi, Gun, Fon and Ewe who border Yoruba communities in Benin and Togo. Significant Yoruba populations in other West African countries can be found in Ghana, Benin, Ivory Coast, and Sierra Leone.The Yoruba diaspora consists of two main groupings; first were Yorubas dispersed through the Atlantic slave trade mainly to the western hemisphere and the second wave includes relatively recent migrants, the majority of whom moved to the United Kingdom and the United States after major economic and political changes in the 1960s to 1980s.